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Guidelines for Developing a Liquid Waste Management Plan

Table of Contents


Section 1.0: Introduction

Section 1.1: Municipal liquid waste control strategy
Section 1.2: BACT
Section 1.3: The strategy and liquid waste management plans
Section 1.4: Relationship between official community land-use plans and liquid waste management plans
Section 1.5: Wastes
Section 1.6: Location

Section 6.0: Implementation

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Director — A person employed by the Crown and designated in writing by the minister as a director of waste management, or as an acting, deputy or assistant director of waste management.

Effluent A substance that is discharged into water or onto land and that

(a) injures or is capable of injuring the health or safety of a person,
(b) injures or is capable of injuring property or any life form,
(c) interferes or is capable of interfering with visibility,
(d) interferes or is capable of interfering with the normal conduct of business
(e) causes or is capable of causing material physical discomfort to a person, or
(f) damages or is capable of damaging the environment

Environment The air, land, water and all other external conditions or influences under which man, animals and plants live or are developed

Facility Includes any land or building, and any machinery, equipment, device, tank, system or other works

Land The solid part of the earth's surface and includes the foreshore and land covered by water

Manager A person employed by the Crown and designated in writing by the Minister as a regional waste manager or an acting, assistant or deputy regional waste manager

Municipal Liquid Waste Defined in section 23 of the Environmental Management Act as

(a) Effluent which originates from any source and is discharged into a municipal sewer system,
(b) Effluent from residential sources discharged to the ground, or
(c) Effluent specified by a manager to be included in a waste management plan

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Municipality A city, town or village incorporated by or under an act, and includes a district municipality, a regional district, an improvement district that has as an object the disposal of sewage or refuse, or the provision of a system for the disposal of sewage or refuse or both, and the Greater Vancouver Sewerage and Drainage District

Officer (a) A person or class of persons employed by the Crown or a municipality and designated in writing by the director as an officer, or (b) A person designated as a conservation officer under section 106 (3) of the Environmental Management Act

Operational Certificate Is defined under section l(l) of the Environmental Management Act as a certificate issued under section 28 of the Environmental Management Act for the design, operation, maintenance, performance and closure of sites or facilities used for the storage, treatment or disposal of recyclable material or waste

Pollution The presence in the environment of substances or contaminants that substantially alter or impair the usefulness of the environment

The Environmental Management Act allows municipalities and regional districts to develop Liquid Waste Management Plans for approval by the Minister of Environment. The Liquid Waste Management Plan (LWMP) consists of operational certificates, which replace waste discharge permits; a strategy to ensure liquid waste disposal conforms with Ministry objectives; an implementation schedule; and measures to accommodate future development. An approved plan authorizes a municipality to discharge waste and store recyclable materials in accordance with Operational Certificates, other provisions of the waste management plan, and the Minister's requirements. In most cases, LWMPs will prove more economical and more effective than the permit system, and it is anticipated that municipalities and regional districts will develop plans voluntarily. The Environmental Management Act now allows the minister to direct a municipality to prepare or revise a waste management plan. LWMPs must be consistent with the ministry's long-term waste management objectives. These guidelines will help municipalities determine what should be addressed in a Liquid Waste Management Plan.

1.1 Municipal liquid waste control strategy

In accordance with the Ministry of Environment's vision statement, the ministry's long-term goal is to achieve zero pollution. The proactive strategy to achieve this goal includes:
  • Pollution prevention — This includes use of the 3Rs (reduce, reuse and recycle);
  • Best Available Control Technology (BACT) —This is to facilitate pollution prevention, resource recovery and residuals management; and
  • The principle of polluter pay — Waste discharge permit fees will assist in achieving the goal of zero pollution. In exceptional cases, when retrofitting existing sources, waste discharge standards which are more lenient than BACT-based criteria may be prescribed. Higher waste discharge fees will be payable under this situation, which will encourage compliance with BACT criteria over time.

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The assimilative capacity of the receiving environment will be utilized only to allow time to upgrade to BACT. Receiving water quality standards will be used to determine where discharge criteria need to be more stringent than that provided by BACT. This strategy represents a major change in the traditional regulatory approach to environmental protection, which attempted to deal with pollution after it occurred. The future emphasis will be on pollution prevention and on involving all stakeholders in an open and consultative approach to environmental protection.

1.2 BACT

Best Available Control Technology (BACT) is determined based on optimum capacity to promote pollution prevention using the 3Rs and resource recovery and residuals management. For example:For sewage discharges, pollution prevention using the 3Rs means that the ministry wishes to:
  • reduce the toxic contaminants discharging to sewers and ultimately in the effluent;
  • reuse the municipal sludge beneficially as a soil conditioner, fertilizer or for making top soil; and
  • recycle the effluent economically as irrigation or industrial process water.

Secondary sewage treatment best meets these goals and will satisfy the toxicity requirements of the Federal Fisheries Act. Secondary treatment enables nutrients and water to be economically recovered and residuals to be beneficially managed. Tertiary treatment can be readily applied to reduce specific contaminants when necessary. Secondary sludge and effluent can be routinely tested for toxicity and metals, and provide a good monitor on toxic discharges to the sewer and the effectiveness of source control programs. BACT for sewage discharges has therefore been determined to be secondary treatment. Over the next few years, BACT will be determined for combined sewer overflows, pump stations, sludge treatment, source controls, septic tank pumpage and urban storm water runoff. Specific BACT criteria will be developed for all types of liquid waste discharges.

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1.3 The strategy and Liquid Waste Management Plans

The strategy to achieve zero pollution applies to existing facilities with primary treatment or no treatment, and can be implemented in stages, taking into account the assimilative capacity of the receiving environment, the ability to finance the upgraded sewage facilities, and public input to the waste management planning process. This means that raw sewage discharges to the ocean could be upgraded first to primary treatment and ultimately to secondary treatment over a period of time. Liquid Waste Management Plans (LWMP) will be used to determine the schedule for upgrading to secondary treatment. Liquid Waste Management Plans will be consistent with this strategy and include:
  • public consultation;
  • a schedule to upgrade all liquid waste discharges to BACT (subject to section 1.3), which considers the ability to finance necessary BACT facilities; and
  • a schedule and means to address all municipal liquid waste, specifically:
    1. sewage discharges
    2. combined sewer overflows (CSO)
    3. urban stormwater runoff
    4. municipal sludge management
    5. pump station overflows
    6. subdivisions with on-site disposal
    7. source control programs
    8. effluent specified by a manger to be included in a waste management plan

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1.4 Relationship between official community land-use plans and Liquid Waste Management Plans

There is a clear link between land-use planning required of local governments in the Municipal Act (sections 944, 945) and waste management plans in the Environmental Management Act (part 3, section 24).An official community land-use plan is a statement of objectives and policies regarding future land-use patterns in incorporated municipalities or in designated areas of regional districts. The official plan provides a clear statement to the public and the province about local government's growth management objectives and provides the rationale for subsequent land-use regulations. In most cases where official land use plans are in place, the local government planning statement (bylaw) will form the basis of waste management plans. The Liquid Waste Management Plan minimizes the adverse environmental impact of the official plan and ensures that development is consistent with Ministry of Environment waste management objectives. Local government land use planning is essentially a process of anticipating changes in land use and determining how to manage or influence these changes for the benefit of the community or region. In their official land use plans, local governments:

  • identify rural / urban development areas;
  • assess settlement suitability;
  • identify the expected sequence of urban/rural land development, including the proposed timing, location and phasing of trunk sewer services; and
  • choose between generic treatment alternatives (communal and noncommunal).
Where official land use plans have been completed and adopted by bylaw, they should be used as a foundation for a Liquid Waste Management Plan. Where official plans do not address construction dates and location of trunk services and facilities, the waste management planning process should address these deficiencies. LWMPs should be incorporated in total or in part as a schedule to an official land use plan. This will help to prevent land-use decisions that eliminate potential waste management treatment sites or pre-empt the expansion of existing sites. Provisions of the Waste Management Amendment Act, passed in June of 1992 (now incorporated into the Environmental Management Act), affect the completion of a waste management plan. Section 24, subsection 3 (a) now authorizes the Minister of Environment to require municipalities to prepare or revise a waste management plan and submit it for approval by a specified date. Subsection 3 (b) authorizes the minister to demand satisfactory proof that progress is being made toward this objective. Subsection 7 now states that where a waste management plan has been approved by the Minister, "a bylaw adopted by a municipality for the purpose of preparing or implementing the waste management plan does not require assent of the electors, a petition, an initiative plan or consent on behalf of the electors . . . ".However, Section 27 (1) requires that municipalities "shall provide a process for comprehensive review and consultation with the public respecting all aspects of the development, amendment and final content of a waste management plan . . . ".Section 27 (2) states that the Minister must be satisfied that "there has been an adequate public review and consultation" before approving a waste management plan.

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1.5 Wastes

Wastes to be addressed in the Liquid Waste Management Plan should include, but are not necessarily limited to:

  • municipal sewage;
  • urban storm water runoff;
  • combined sewer overflows;
  • septic tank pumpage;
  • pump station overflows;
  • sewage treatment plant sludge;
  • industrial or commercial wastes discharged to municipal sewers; and
  • septic tanks and other sewage disposal systems not connected to the community sewer system;
  • any other effluent specified by a manager.

Estimates of waste quantity and quality should be based on long-term growth projections. For waste management planning areas where official land use plans are not in place or where it is deemed the background information of a land use plan is inadequate, growth projections must be developed.

1.6 Location

The location of a treatment facility or point of discharge can be most important in:

  • minimizing the environmental effects of waste disposal;
  • reducing costs; and
  • providing flexibility for future expansions or upgrades of the facilities.

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The collection system and trunk sewers can be the major cost of sewage disposal works. Their location and design should be selected with care to avoid unnecessary expenditures. The use of satellite treatment plants can in some cases reduce costs and provide flexibility for the construction of other works.

Sewage works — including collection and storm sewers, trunk sewers, pump stations, treatment plants, industrial pretreatment facilities, sludge treatment and handling works, and outfalls should be considered as a complete, interrelated system. A change in the design or location of one part can affect the other parts of the system. To avoid costly future changes, facilities should be located where long-term land use conflicts will be minimized and where there is ample room for additions and alterations.

As the location of waste treatment is also a land-use issue, local governments are encouraged to incorporate waste treatment infrastructure considerations in the official planning process. These should address the location of trunk sewer services, as defined in the technical guide for the preparation of official plans.

Section 2.0: Outline of Liquid Waste Management Plans

A Liquid Waste Management Plan (Stages 1, 2 and 3) is a written record of a community's decisions and plans for the management of liquid wastes. The final document with attendant drawings should include but not necessarily be limited to the following.

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2.1 Introduction

a) geographical outline of the area covered by the plan

b) existing environmental, social and economic conditions

c) existing official plan and proposed land use (land-use bylaws and zoning)

2.2 Projected population and industrial growth — sewered and unsewered

a) residential population

b) industrial (type)

c) commercial

2.3 Source control and waste volume reduction

a) options for source control and reduction of sewage and industrial waste volumes and toxicity

b) infiltration control options are to be considered to reduce the hydraulic load on treatment facilities

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For a secondary treatment process to operate correctly, a good source control program is essential. Infiltration and inflows must be controlled. Failure to do so will result in process upsets, toxic effluent and contaminated sludges.

2.4 Waste recycling and utilization

a) options for recycling and using sewage effluent

b) industrial and commercial waste

c) beneficial reuse of sewage sludge and septic tank pumpage

Secondary treated effluent can be economically reused or recycled as irrigation water, industrial process or cooling water, and to develop wetlands, ponds, etc. Sewage sludge recovers nutrients and organics which can be used as fertilizer and organic soil conditioner, and to produce top soil for disturbed lands.

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2.5 Estimated waste quantities as per growth projections

a) residential sewage

b) residential septic tank pumpage

c) industrial and commercial waste discharged to sewer

d) commercial sewage and septic tank pumpage

e) sewage treatment plant sludge

f) urban storm water runoff

g) combined sewer overflows (CSO)

h) pump station overflows

2.6 Capacity of water bodies and land to accept waste

a) water bodies

  • availability
  • capacity to accept waste
  • limitations regarding health, fisheries and limnological aspects (separate studies may be required)
  • possible hazards to the environment and other users

b) land

  • availability
  • capacity to accept or reuse waste
  • limitations and soil types for various uses (e.g. agricultural and infiltration capabilities)
  • failure contingencies
  • other hazards

c) groundwater

  • capacity to accept waste
  • limitations
  • failure contingencies
  • other hazards

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2.7 Options for treatment and disposal of waste

a) treatment technology options for effluent disposal or reuse

b) source control treatment options

c) elimination and/or treatment of combined sewer overflows (CSO)

d) urban storm water runoff management options, including source control and treatment

e) treatment technology for sludge and septic tank pumpage facilities

f) pump station overflow control

g) proposed effluent quality

h) final effluent disposal or reuse methods

i) individual on-site sewage disposal; factors to be considered include:

  • overall environmental impact assessment of subdivisions on groundwater or surface water,
  • soil and terrain suitability studies,
  • lot size and development density.

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2.8 Site location options

a) sewage treatment plants and sewage effluent outfalls

b) land treatment and reuse/disposal sites

c) septic tank pumpage and sewage sludge

d) effects on land use, zoning and growth patterns

e) official plan statement for the site

f) effect on Agricultural Land Reserve

g) pump stations

h) urban storm water runoff treatment facilities and/or discharges

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2.9 Financial aspects

a) capital and operating cost estimates for

  • waste collection alternatives including trunk sewers and force mains
  • treatment alternatives
  • treatment site options
  • sludge and septic tank pumpage facilities
  • final effluent disposal or reuse options

b) present worth analysis of alternatives

c) markets for recovered materials

d) benefits derived from reused or recovered materials

e) cost to the province and municipality considering applicable grants and other external sources of funding

f) cost to local taxpayer

g) stages of construction

h) a fiscal implementation plan with alternate funding strategies

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2.10 Other relevant aspects

a) unique problems

b) public preferences

c) political considerations

d) other

2.11 Recommended course of action — reduction, collection, treatment, reuse, disposal, site locations, financing, public preferences

a) outline the reasons for choosing the selected methods of treatment and reuse or disposal and present an implementation schedule of the proposed works

b) outline the anticipated impact on the environment of chosen course of action

c) outline the benefits in terms of reducing toxicity and recycling, reusing or recovering materials and resources

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Section 3.0: Discussion of Liquid Waste Management Plan aspects

3.1 Environmental

To determine the environment's capacity to assimilate waste, Ministry of Environment water quality objectives should be consulted where available. Close consultation with the ministry should be established to obtain all current applicable criteria and policies.

In most cases, additional studies will be required to fill information gaps. Some studies may need to extend beyond the planning phase to determine how much waste may he discharged without significantly affecting the environment. The options for discharging waste to surface waters and land and the possible effects on groundwater should be thoroughly investigated.

In areas where non-communal systems are used, the total combined effect of the individual discharges on the environment will need to be considered. The lack of suitable soil or high permeability can lead to ground and surface-water contamination, and possibly eutrophication of surface waters.

3.2 Source control and pre-treatment

The possibilities of using source control to reduce the organic load, toxicity and volume of industrial commercial waste should be fully explored. Bylaws to control quality of discharge to sewers may be required. Load reduction can mean significant cost savings in constructing and operating the treatment plant and in sewage sludge reuse or disposal.

3.3 Reduction, reuse and recycling — The 5Rs

The Ministry of Environment has adopted the "5Rs" as guiding factors in its approach to waste management. The 5Rs entail Reduction, Reuse, Recycling, Recovery, and Residual management.

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The first 2Rs, Reduce and Reuse, are the most important, and should be given the highest priority. Recycling and utilizing waste materials can have long-term economic and social benefits. For instance, it may be preferable to treat the sewage in satellite plants for reuse as irrigation water on surrounding forests, farm land, or community facilities such as parks, golf courses and boulevards, even though this may incur additional costs.

Similar arguments can be made for recycling sewage effluent for its nutrient content, or recycling sludge for its humus and nutrient content.

The Liquid Waste Management Plan should address the potential for recycling and utilizing waste materials with particular attention paid to timing what might not be possible now may well be possible in the future. The final implementation costs of such programs will be lower if flexibility is considered when designing waste treatment works.

3.3.1 Reduction

All options to reduce the amount of waste, particularly toxic waste, entering a disposal system should be explored. Measures should be taken to ensure that the system is in good order and that infiltration or inflow to sewers is minimized. Public education campaigns can promote conservation, minimize consumption, prevent toxins from entering the system, curtail the use of garburators, etc. Source control programs can significantly reduce the toxicity of sewage.

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3.3.2 Reuse, Recycling and Recovery

The greatest potential environmental, and to some extent economic, benefits can be achieved through the reuse, recycling and recovery of waste sewage and sludge.

Options that can be explored include the use of treated effluent for irrigation, wetland development, industrial process or and cooling water. Treated sludge can be used for fertilizer and soil conditioner, and in the production of topsoil for disturbed lands.

3.3.3 Residual management

Sewage residues include sewage, sludge, grit and scum. Provided the sludge is not unduly contaminated, it can be reused in a beneficial manner. Normal practice in the past has been to bury the grit and scum. Treatment processes which can recover these as useful materials should be explored.

3.4 Alternative methods of waste treatment and disposal

The Liquid Waste Management Plan should thoroughly review the alternatives for waste treatment and reuse or disposal.

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Options to be investigated should include:

  • opportunities for joint waste treatment with adjacent municipalities or regional districts;
  • joint treatment with industry;
  • waste reduction;
  • possible land treatment;
  • opportunities for reuse, recycling and recovery of waste resources;
  • land and water disposal;
  • on-site and other non-communal systems;
  • options for staged development of the system.

Some disposal options may be rejected by some government agencies. Approval-in-principle for all options should be obtained from government agencies in the early stages of the planning process, prior to any public involvement.

When the plan is presented to the public for review, it is prudent to present all alternatives in an easy-to-understand format clearly showing advantages and disadvantages of each option. Cost information should be broken down to individual households and industrial/commercial taxpayers.

Alternatives worthy of further investigation should be determined after evaluating public concerns, economic aspects, input from other agencies and environmental assessments.

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3.5 Financial

All cost effective alternative waste treatment and disposal methods should be fully evaluated. Monetary costs should be calculated in terms of present dollar values or equivalent annual values over the planning period.

Monetary costs include capital construction costs and annual operating and maintenance expenses, including routine replacement of equipment and parts.

Such factors as use and recovery of energy and scarce resources, and the value of recycling water and nutrients should be included in the monetary cost analysis. Annual revenues generated by the system through energy recovery, crop production or other outputs shall be deducted from annual costs.

Communal systems can often minimize costs, while providing the necessary flexibility for alternative disposal methods, water reuse and future expansion.

Non-monetary factors should be broadly defined to show their significance and impact. Non-monetary factors include social and environmental effects, implementation capability, operability, performance reliability and flexibility and some aspects of recycling/reuse opportunities.

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Section 4.0: Implementation Schedule

Ideally, the Liquid Waste Management Plan should forecast a period of 20 to 40 years. It is expected that waste treatment facilities will be built in stages, perhaps in increments of five to 15 years, depending on the type of system, economies of scale, interest rates, population growth rates, etc. Therefore it is important to include a preferred implementation schedule of the proposed works. Ongoing environmental studies may indicate that upgraded or modified treatment works or systems are needed ahead of schedule. The preferred implementation schedule can serve only as a guide to when expenditures may be required.

Section 5.0: Liquid Waste Management Planning Process

5.1 Purpose

This section describes the procedural requirements to be met and the steps to be followed by municipalities in preparing and adopting a Liquid Waste Management Plan or undertaking a major amendment to an existing plan.

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5.2 Initiation of the Liquid Waste Management Planning Process

Normally a Liquid Waste Management Plan is initiated with a resolution by the municipal government. In most cases, the community will hire a consultant to develop liquid waste management options in cooperation with liquid waste advisory committees.

5.3 Notification of senior and local governments

A copy of the municipal resolution and staff report is sent to the Regional Environmental Protection Manager, with copies and a covering letter going to:

  • the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Fisheries to the attention of the District Agriculturist;
  • the Ministry of Health Services, Medical Health Officer;
  • all municipalities and regional districts adjacent to the Liquid Waste Management Plan area;
  • the Ministry of Community, Aboriginal and Women's Services, Local Government Department, Victoria;
  • BC Parks;
  • Ministry of Small Business and Economic Development, Tourism Branch, Victoria;
  • Ministry of Finance and Corporate Relations, Victoria; and
  • Environment Canada, Regional Director General

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The covering letter will ask if and how the above parties wish to participate in the planning process, and solicit any additional concerns or comments. The letter will request that each recipient respond directly to the municipal government within 60 days, and that a copy of the response be sent to the Regional Environmental Protection Manager. The letter will also request that any relevant information be sent to the municipality, and that copies be sent to the Regional Environmental Protection Manager.

5.4 Establishment of liquid waste advisory committees

The next step is to set up advisory committees comprising representatives of various interest groups, geographic areas, stakeholders, and senior government agencies.

There should be at least two committees one emphasizing community/stakeholder interests, and the other representing technical interests. Both should report to a municipal government steering committee. The steering committee should include a representative of the Regional Environmental Protection Manager.

The establishment of an advisory committee structure allows for the required public involvement process.

The committee structure should include mechanisms for referring matters to, and receiving reports from, the committees and linkages between committees to maximize cooperation and prevent feelings of isolation.

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5.4.1 Technical Liquid Waste Advisory Committee (TLWAC)

A Technical Advisory Committee should include municipal staff and representatives of various government agencies, particularly those who expressed an interest in response to the letter of notification and those which will play a role in approval of the plan. Government agencies to be represented on the TLWAC include:

  • Ministry of Environment, Regional Environmental Protection Manager, or his designate;
  • Ministry of Community, Aboriginal and Women's Services;
  • Ministry of Health Services; and
  • others as applicable (e.g. Environment Canada).

In addition, the TLWAC should include at least one non-government representative and one elected municipal official.

The TLWAC will provide technical evaluation and advice throughout the plan's development, and identify options to be considered.

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5.4.2 Local Liquid Waste Advisory Committee (LLWAC)

Establishing a Local Liquid Waste Advisory Committee is the first step in the public consultation process, and the committee should include representatives of a wide range of interests. The committee should include a member of the Technical Advisory Committee, municipal technical and planning staff; the Regional Environmental Protection Manager or his designate; elected officials; and representatives of local environmental and recycling groups; business, labour, rate-payer and consumer groups; school districts; large commercial, institutional and industrial generators; and owners/operators of private liquid waste collection, processing and disposal facilities.

5.5 Public participation process

The Environmental Management Act states that where the Minister of Environment "is satisfied that there has been adequate public review and consultation with the public with respect to the development, amendment and final content of the waste management plan," he may approve the plan.

Adequate public consultation during the plan's development is essential as there is no mechanism to appeal a plan once approved by the Minister. The public participation process will depend on the unique blend of population characteristics and information channels in the municipality. Public participation should foster acceptance and a feeling of ownership among the residents of the municipality.

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A meaningful public participation process that meets the above objectives must fulfill the following criteria:

  • Involvement by the general public in the planning process begins as early as possible and continues through to the plan's adoption and beyond implementation and monitoring stages.
  • Encouragement of the involvement of a wide range of community interests and stakeholders, both in terms of general review at various stages and the advisory committee structure.
  • Allows for the open exchange of information between all parties, including advisory committees.
  • Provides the public with opportunities for direct consultation with appropriate officials, including representatives of Ministry of Environment, the Ministry of Health, the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Fisheries, Environment Canada, local medical health officers, etc.
  • Encourages public support and commitment to the public involvement program by allowing public participation in the design of the program.
  • Ensures public concerns are integrated into the planning process and are given the same weight as technical advice.

5.6 Organization of planning studies

The planning process is divided into three stages.

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  • Develop concepts of waste management options
  • Includes provision for public input
  • Culminates with a report on a set of realistic options
  • Results in a detailed list of waste management options
  • Identifies types of facilities requiring operational certificates


  • Examine options and associated costs in detail
  • Includes provisions for public input
  • Results in a draft waste management plan
  • Identifies requirements to be included in operational certificates for specific facilities


  • Select a final option, complete with discharge standards, implementation schedule, cost estimates and proposed financing
  • Includes provision for further public input
  • Results in a waste management plan
  • Preparation of draft Operational Certificates

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Following approval of Stage 3, the plan will be implemented through Operational Certificates issued by the Regional Environmental Protection Manager. These certificates establish the operating standards, which reflect the concepts approved at Stage 3, monitoring requirements and construction of works.

5.7 STAGE 1: Identify liquid waste management system options

Stage 1 involves the description of the existing liquid waste management system and identifies various options for liquid waste management. It also recommends those options deemed suitable for detailed evaluation in Stage 2.

Stage 1 begins with the submission of correspondence to the Regional Environmental Protection Manager requesting that the liquid waste management planning process be initiated. The subsequent process is as follows:

  • A meeting with the Regional Environmental Protection Manager is held to establish a steering committee and draft terms of reference for Stage 1;
  • The draft terms of reference are reviewed by the Advisory Committees;
  • Proposals for Stage 1 are requested from consultants;
  • The Advisory Committees make recommendations on consultant selection;
  • The consultant is selected;
  • The Stage 1 study is completed and a draft Stage 1 report is prepared;
  • The Advisory Committees comment on the draft Stage 1 report;
  • A second draft of the Stage 1 report is prepared and released for public review;
  • A final Stage 1 report is prepared; and
  • The Regional Environmental Protection Manager then approves, conditionally approves or rejects the final Stage 1 report. The Minister may provide policy direction at this stage regarding options to be considered or minimum requirements to be included in the next stages of the planning process.

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The result of Stage 1 is a detailed list of liquid waste management options.

5.8 STAGE 2: Evaluation of options

A meeting with the Regional Environmental Protection Manager is held to prepare draft terms of reference for Stage 2. The completed documents are reviewed by the Technical Liquid Waste Advisory Committee and the Local Liquid Waste Advisory Committee.

The steps to a draft Liquid Waste Management Plan are as follows:

  • If a new consultant is to be retained for Stage 2, proposals are requested;
  • The Technical Advisory Committee makes recommendations on consultant selection;
  • The consultant is selected;
  • The Stage 2 study is completed;
  • The draft Stage 2 report is prepared;
  • The Advisory Committees comment on the draft Stage 2 report;
  • The second draft of the Stage 2 report is prepared and released for public review;
  • A final Stage 2 report is prepared; and
  • The Regional Environmental Protection Manager approves, conditionally approves or rejects the final Stage 2 report.

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The result of Stage 2 is a report with a recommended set of fully evaluated options.

5.9 STAGE 3: Plan preparation and adoption

In Stage 3, the Liquid Waste Management Plan (LWMP), will be produced, containing the intended waste treatment and disposal facilities plan, draft operation certificates for specific facilities, discharge standards, the implementation schedule, more detailed design and cost estimates and, as far as possible, the proposed financing arrangements. When this plan is approved by the Minister, construction may commence.

The final draft waste management plan is prepared by the following process:

  • A meeting is held with the Regional Environmental Protection Manager to agree on the preparation of the draft Liquid Waste Management Plan or terms of reference, and to develop the draft operational certificates for specific facilities;
  • The Technical Liquid Waste Advisory Committee and the Local Liquid Waste Advisory Committee comment on the draft Liquid Waste Management Plan;
  • Public input to the draft waste management plan and draft operational certificates is obtained;
  • The draft Liquid Waste Management Plan and draft operational certificates are amended;
  • The Technical Advisory Committee makes its recommendations on the final draft Liquid Waste Management Plan;
  • The Liquid Waste Management Plan is prepared and adopted by bylaw, and submitted for approval;
  • The draft operational certificates for specific facilities are submitted to the Regional Environmental Protection Manager; and
  • The minister may then approve, conditionally approve or reject the waste management plan.

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The result of Stage 3 is a Liquid Waste Management Plan.

Section 6.0 Implementation

Following approval of the Liquid Waste Management Plan, the Regional Environmental Protection Manager will issue Operational Certificates for each treatment facility, and the municipality can proceed with implementation measures contained in the plan.

The manager will confirm by letter that any existing discharge permits are automatically cancelled once the operational certificate is signed by the manager.

Updated: January 2005

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