Ministry of Forests, Lands and Natural Resource Operations

Cluxewe Wildlife Management Area

About This Wildlife Management Area

Date Designated: April 6, 2001

Purpose: Conservation of a unique isolated salt marsh and estuary habitats in close proximity, providing an important wetland complex for waterfowl.

Size: 137 hectares

Region: West Coast

Location and Maps

On the Cluxewe River, 10 km west of Port McNeill on northeast Vancouver Island

Nature and Culture


Many songbird species reside in the WMA through the summer, while hundreds of waterfowl inhabit the area from fall through spring. The Cluxewe River provides excellent spawning and rearing habitats for six salmonid species. Shellfish, Herring and Groundfish inhabit the area. Typical of the rich diversity of east coast Vancouver Island estuaries, Black Bear, Black-tailed Deer, nesting songbirds and many seasonal waterfowl like Trumpeter Swan, Green-winged Teal, Mallard, Pintail, Surf Scoter and Harlequin Duck can be found.

Physiography, Climate and Vegetation

The WMA is comprised of a rare combination of river estuary and salt marsh in close proximity. It is located in the Hecate Depression within the Coastal Western Hemlock biogeoclimatic zone, which is one of the wettest in BC. The salt marsh is protected behind a natural berm and a small channel allowing intertidal flow. Gleysolic, fluvial soils made up of silts and sandy loam overlaying gravel dominate the area.

Compatible Resource and Recreation Uses

Traditional First Nations uses of this area still occur.

Management Planning

Information on management direction is available from the Ministry of Forests, Lands and Natural Resource Operations regional office.

Management Partners:

The Nature Trust of BC

Ducks Unlimited Canada

Canadian Wildlife Service-Environment Canada

Habitat Conservation Trust Foundation