Federal law does not protect species which were introduced to North America by man, i.e. not native to this continent. There include Starlings (Sturnus vulgaris), English Sparrows (Passer domesticus) and Mynahs (Acridotheres cristatellus). Birds not falling under federal jurisdiction within Canada include grouse, quail, pheasants, ptarmigan, hawks, owls, eagles, falcons, cormorants, pelicans, crows and jays. All other birds are considered Federal and therefore protected.
All other animals are protected through federal responsibility, such as whales, dolphins, seals, sea lions, pinnipeds, polar bears, and walruses. Most other animals are provincially managed.
Schedule "B" lists animals that may be captured or killed only for the specific purpose of protecting property unless an open season is designated by regulation (see Regional Schedules for open seasons):
(a) Scapanus orarius - coast mole
(b) Lepus americanus - snowshoe hare
(c) all of the species of the sub family Arvicolinae and lemmings, except Ondonatra zibethicus - muskrat.
(d) Neotoma cinerea - bushy-tailed woodrat
(e) all species of the genus Peromyscus - deer mice
(f) Erethizon dorsatum - porcupine
(g) Thomomys talpoides - northern pocket gopher
(h) Marmota flaviventris - yellow-bellied marmot
(i) Marmota monax - woodchuck
(j) Spermophilus columbianus - Columbian ground squirrel
(k) Mephitis mephitis - striped skunk
(l) Procyon lotor - raccoon
(m) Spilogale putorius - spotted skunk
Schedule "C" animals can be captured or killed anywhere and at any time in BC. Schedule "C" birds may be hunted using electronic calls. You do not need a hunting licence to hunt or kill the following Schedule "C" wildlife:
(a) Rana catesbeiana - American bullfrog
(b) Rana clamitans - green frog
(c) all species of the family Chelydridae - snapping turtles
(d) Didelphis virginiana - North American opossum
(e) Sylvilagus floridanus - eastern cottontail
(f) Oryctolagus cuniculus - European rabbit
(g) Myocastor coypus - nutria
(h) all species of the genus Sciurus - gray squirrels and fox squirrels
(i) Passer domesticus - house sparrow
(j) Sturnus vulgaris - European starling
(k) Columbia livia - rock dove (domestic pigeon)
You do need a hunting licence to hunt the following Schedule "C" wildlife UNLESS you are hunting them on your property or they are damaging your property:
(a) all species of the genus Corvus - crows, except Corvus corax - common raven
(b) Pica pica - black-billed magpie
(c) Molothrus ater - brown-headed cowbird and the eggs of this bird species may be destroyed.
The taxa that appear on the red-list are either extirpated, endangered or threatened, or are being legally considered for such status, while the taxa that are blue-listed are species that are considered to be vulnerable. Taxa that are yellow-listed include; amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals that are considered not at risk within the province. Please visit our regional Ecosystems section for more information on Species at Risk.
For information on what species are at risk in the Lower Mainland Region and where are the species at risk, please visit the regional Ecosystems section on Regional Species Information.
Prioritizing Species at Risk
This region uses the Conservation Framework to prioritize species at risk activities. The Framework ensures that British Columbia is a spectacular place with healthy, natural and diverse ecosystems that sustain and enrich the lives of all.
The Three Goals of the Conservation Framework are:
1. Contribute to global efforts for species and ecosystem conservation
2. Prevent species and ecosystems from becoming at risk
3. Maintain the diversity of native species and ecosystems
For more information on this tool, refer to the Conservation Framework website.
For more information on species at risk, please visit SARA
The Species at Risk Public Registry is your source for news, information, and documents related to species at risk in Canada. This web site has been designed to help you better understand Canada's approach to protecting and recovering species at risk, learn about species at risk and what's being done to help them, and get involved in decision making and recovery activities. The Public Registry fulfills the requirement under the Species at Risk Act (SARA) for the Minister of the Environment to establish a public registry for the purpose of facilitating access to SARA-related documents.