Ministry of Environment


PART 1 - The Environmental Factors

1.1 Introduction

T.E. Baker

The Coast Mountains and Islands
The Interior
The Columbia Mountains and Southern Rockies
The Northern and Central Plateaus and Mountains
The Great Plains

Soils and man are products of their environment. Man inherits many of his characteristics from his parents and soils also reflect in their appearance and in the way they function the influence of the parent materials from which they have developed. Changes in the environment also cause differences to develop. All these factors result in the different soils and people we find. Therefore, we can think of soils as individuals. It is important to know what they are like and how they behave within a given environment.

To gain this understanding it is best to consider separately the components which make up the soil environment. Part 1 of this report gives basic information about climate, geology, physiography and vegetation. The remainder of the text describes the types of soils and regional soil landscapes that are found within British Columbia. The province has been divided into five regions based primarily on physiographic divisions as defined by S.S. Holland in a 1964 publication on the Landforms of British Columbia (B.C. Dept. Mines and Pet. Res. Bull. 48). These five physiographic regions are shown in Figure 1.1.1.