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11.0 REFERENCES

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Brett, J. R., Clarke, W. C., and J. E. Shelbourn. 1982. Experiments on thermal requirements for growth and food conversion efficiency of juvenile chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha). Can. Tech. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. No. 1127. 29 pp.

Bridges, W. L., and R. D. Anderson. 1984. A brief survey of Pilgrim Nuclear Power Plant effects upon the marine aquatic environment. In: Lecture Notes on Coastal and Estuarine Studies, Vol. 11. Observations on the Ecology and Biology of Western Cape Cod Bay, Massachusetts. J. D. Davis and D. Merriman (eds.), pp. 263-271. Springer-Verlag; Berlin, Germany.

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Colt, J., Orwicz, K., and D. Brooks. 1984a. Effects of gas-supersaturated water on Rana catesbeiana tadpoles. Aquaculture. 38: 127-136.

Colt, J., Orwicz, K., and D. Brooks. 1984b. Gas bubble disease in the African clawed frog, Xenopus laevis. J. Herpetol. 18(2): 131-137.

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Crunkilton, R. L., Czarnezki, J. M., and L. Trial. 1980. Severe gas bubble disease in a warmwater fishery in the midwestern United States. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 109: 725-733.

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D'Aoust, B. G., White, R., and H. Siebold. 1976. An electronic tensionometer for monitoring total dissolved gas pressure. In: Gas Bubble Disease. D. H. Fickeisen and M. J. Schneider (eds.), pp. 106-110. CONF-741033. Technical Information Center; Oak Ridge, Tennessee.

Dawley, E. M., and W. J. Ebel. 1975. Effects of various concentrations of dissolved atmospheric gas on juvenile chinook salmon and steelhead trout. Fish. Bull. 73: 787-796.

Dawley, E. M., Schiewe, M., and B. Monk. 1976. Effects of long-term exposure to supersaturation of dissolved atmospheric gases on juvenile chinook salmon and steelhead trout in deep and shallow tank tests. In: Gas Bubble Disease. D. H. Fickeisen and M. J. Schneider (eds.), pp. 1-10. CONF-741033. Technical Information Center; Oak Ridge, Tennessee.

Dell, M. B., Erho, M. W., and B. L. Lemon. 1975. Occurrence of Gas Bubble Disease Signs on Fish in Mid- Columbia Reservoirs. Grant, Douglas, and Chelan County Public Utility Districts, Ephrata and Wenatchee, Washington.

DeMont, D. J., and R. W. Miller. 1971. First reported incidence of gas-bubble disease in the heated effluent of a steam generating station. In: Proceedings of the 25th Annual Meeting, Southeastern Association of Game and Fish Commissioners. pp. 392-399.

Ebel, W. J. 1969. Supersaturation of nitrogen in the Columbia River and its effect on salmon and steelhead trout. US National Marine Fisheries Service, Fishery Bulletin 68: 1-11.

Ebel, W.J. 1971. Dissolved Nitrogen Concentrations in the Columbia and Snake Rivers in 1970 and Their Effect on Chinook Salmon and Steelhead Trout. NOAA Tech. Rept. NMFS SSRF-646. 7 p.

Ebel, W. J. 1979. Effects of Atmospheric Gas Supersaturation on Survival of Fish and Evaluation of Proposed Solutions. In: Fifth Progress Report on Fisheries Engineering Reseach Program 1973-1978. US Army Corps of Engineers. Portland District, Fish and Wildlife Service; Portland, Oregon.

Ebel, W. J., Dawley, E. M., and B. H. Monk. 1971. Thermal tolerance of juvenile Pacific salmon and steelhead trout in relation to supersaturation of nitrogen gas. Fish. Bull. 69: 833-843.

Ebel, W. J., Kroma, R. W., and H. L. Raymond. 1973. Evaluation of Fish Protective Facilities at Little Goose Dam and Review of Other Studies Relating to Protection of Juvenile Salmonids in the Columbia and Snake Rivers, 1973. US National Marine Fisheries Service, Northwest Fisheries Center, Seattle, Washington.

Ebel, W. J., Raymond, H. L., Monan, G. E., Farr, W. E., and G. K. Tanonaka. 1975. Effect of Atmospheric Gas Supersaturation Caused by Dams on Salmon and Steelhead Trout of the Snake and Columbia Rivers. US National Marine Fisheries Service, Seattle, Washington. Northwest Fisheries Center Review. 7: 1-14.

Ebel, W. J., Beiningen, K. T., Bouck, G. R., Penrose, W. R., and D. E. Weitkamp. 1979. Gases, total dissolved. In: A Review of the EPA Red Book: Quality Criteria for Water. R. V. Thurston, R. C. Russo, C. M. Fetterolf, T. A. Edsall, and Y. M. Barber (eds.), pp. 113-118. American Fisheries Society; Bethesda, Maryland.

Edsall, D. A., and C. E. Smith. 1991. Oxygen-induced gas bubble disease in rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum). Aquaculture and Fisheries Management. 22(2): 135-140.

Elston, R. 1983. Histopathology of oxygen intoxication in the juvenile red abalone, Haliotis rufescens Swainson. J. Fish Dis. 6: 101-110.

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Fidler, L. E. 1992. Design Considerations in the Development of Small Hydroelectric Facilities as Relates to Dissolved Gas Supersaturation and Gas Bubble Trauma in Fish. Contract report to Sigma Engineering Ltd., Vancouver, BC

Fidler, L. E. 1994. Camp creek fishery study - 1993. Contract report to Mica Fisheries Technical Committee, BC Hydro and BC Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks. Aspen Applied Sciences Ltd., Valemount, BC

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